Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.11.6

Ἱπποδάμειά τε ἡ Οἰνομάου σὺν τῇ μητρὶ καὶ Προμηθεὺς ἔτι ἐχόμενος μὲν ὑπὸ τῶν δεσμῶν, Ἡρακλῆς δὲ ἐς αὐτὸν ἦρται· λέγεται γὰρ δὴ καὶ τόδε ἐς τὸν Ἡρακλέα, ὡς ἀποκτείναι μὲν τὸν ἀετὸν ὃς ἐν τῷ Καυκάσῳ τὸν Προμηθέα ἐλύπει, ἐξέλοιτο δὲ καὶ αὐτὸν Προμηθέα ἐκ τῶν δεσμῶν. τελευταῖα δὲ ἐν τῇ γραφῇ Πενθεσίλειά τε ἀφιεῖσα τὴν ψυχὴν καὶ Ἀχιλλεὺς ἀνέχων ἐστὶν αὐτήν· καὶ Ἑσπερίδες δύο φέρουσι τὰ μῆλα ὧν ἐπιτετράφθαι λέγονται τὴν φρουράν. Πάναινος μὲν δὴ οὗτος ἀδελφός τε ἦν Φειδίου καὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ Ἀθήνῃσιν ἐν Ποικίλῃ τὸ Μαραθῶνι ἔργον ἐστὶ γεγραμμένον.

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[Hippodamie la fille d'Oenomaos avec sa mère, et Prométhée toujours enchaîné, tandis qu'Héraclès le regarde. On raconte, en effet, encore cet exploit d'Héraclès : il aurait tué l'aigle qui torturait prométhée au Caucase et aurait délivré Prométhée de ses chaînes, La fin de la peinture est occupée parPenthésilée rendant l'âme avec Achille qui la soutient et par les deux Hespérides portant les pommes dont on dit qu'elles avaient la garde. ] Ce Panainos était le frère de Phidias, c'est lui qui a peint la bataille de Marathon à la (Stoa) Poikilé à Athènes.

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Commentary

  1. End of text 166. On Panainos see: text 162.
  2. For Reinach, this testimony is not significant. For him and other scholars of the early 20th century, Pausanias is not a reliable source (Reinach et al. 1921; Christian Habicht 1985a; Christian Habicht 1985b). Instead, he prefers to believe Strabo who says that Panainos was the nephew of Pheidias (text 165). Likewise, A. Reinach trusts Arrian (text 137), the scholion of Harpocration (on Lycurgus' priestess. See text 141) and Sopatros (text 142) which have Mikon as the painter of the Battle of Marathon (Marathonomachy) in the Stoa Poikile. But, recent research and excavation showed that Pausanias can be trusted as a source. His descriptions may sometimes be vague, but, in general terms, Pausanias indications are accurate. Thus, there is little doubt that Panainos was one of the painters of the Marathonomachy. In fact, Panainos certainly worked with Mikon on this painting.
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Created by Valérie Toillon

Tags

  • panainos
  • mikon
  • marathonomachy

Bibliography

Habicht, Christian, 1985a. An Ancient Baedeker and His Critics: Pausanias’ “Guide to Greece.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 129(2), pp. 220–224.

Habicht, Christian, 1985b. Pausanias’ Guide to Ancient Greece, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Reinach, A., Reinach, S. & Milliet, P., 1921. Textes grecs et latins relatifs à l’histoire de la peinture ancienne, Paris: Klincksieck.

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Created by Valérie Toillon