Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8.9.8

τούτων ἕνεκα ὁ βασιλεὺς κατεστήσατο αὐτῷ καὶ ἐν Μαντινείᾳ τιμάς, καὶ τελετή τε κατὰ ἔτος ἕκαστον καὶ ἀγών ἐστιν αὐτῷ διὰ ἔτους πέμπτου. οἶκος δέ ἐστιν ἐν τῷ γυμνασίῳ Μαντινεῦσιν ἀγάλματα ἔχων Ἀντίνου καὶ ἐς τἄλλα θέας ἄξιος λίθων ἕνεκα οἷς κεκόσμηται καὶ ἀπιδόντι ἐς τὰς γραφάς· αἱ δὲ Ἀντίνου εἰσὶν αἱ πολλαί, Διονύσῳ μάλιστα εἰκασμέναι. καὶ δὴ καὶ τῆς ἐν Κεραμεικῷ γραφῆς, ἣ τὸ ἔργον εἶχε τὸ Ἀθηναίων ἐν Μαντινείᾳ, καὶ ταύτης αὐτόθι ἐστὶ μίμημα.

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[Pour cette raison l'empereur établit son culte à Mantinée aussi. Des rites mystériques sont célébrés chaque année en son honneur, et des jeux tous les quatre ans.] Il y a aussi un bâtiment dans le gymnase de Mantinée, remarquable pour les marbres et les peintures qui le décorent. La plupart sont des portaits d'Antinous, dans lesquels il ressemble à Dionysos. Il y a aussi une copie de la peinture qui est au Céramique et qui représente le combat des Athéniens à Mantinée.

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Commentary

  1. The shrine (oikos) in Mantinea's gymnasium was dedicated to Antinous, Emperor Hadrian's lover, who was drown in the River Nile in 130 CE. This "oikos" was decorated with paintings and sculptures portraying Antinous. It was certainly built after 131/132 CE when the Emperor visited Mantinea. According to a local tradition, Mantinea was the metropolis (founding city) of Bithynium, a small city in Asia Minor. This city was known to be the birth place of Antinous (Paus. 8.9.7). This could explain the special interest shown by Hadrian for Mantinea. In fact, Hadrian commissioned many building restorations there and established a local cult of Antinous (Delorme, 1960, pp. 349-351; Hölscher, 1973, pp. 116-117; Jost, 1985, pp. 128-129; Pretzler, 2005, p. 30; Graf and Eck, 2006. On Antinous portraits: Meyer, 1991; Vout, 2005). The gymnasium has still not been identified, but in an inscription, dated to ca. 10 BCE/10 CE, a fire in the "kulos" of the gymnasium is mentioned. The date and location of the gymnasium remains unknown (Delorme, 1960, p. 203).
  2. Inside the "oikos", there was also a copy of Euphranor's painting depicting the battle of Mantinea which originally decorated the Stoa of Zeus Eleutherios in Athens (see text 352). That copy was possibly made during the time of Hadrian’s reign, as a result of emperor's taste for Greek art. It is also possible that the painting was made to celebrate the memory of Grylus, as part of the Emperor's program to smarten up the city. It should be noted that it was the Emperor Hadrian who gave back to the city its ancient name, which was called Antigonea since 222 BCE (Paus. 8.8.12; Vasić, 1979; Palagia, 1980, p. 54; Pretzler, 2005, p. 22; Joeres, 2015). What Pausanias calls « Kerameikos » is the Agora in Athens
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Bibliography

Delorme, J. (1960) Gymnasion. Étude sur les monuments consacrés à l’éducation en Grèce (des origines à l’empire romain). Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome 196. Paris: de Boccard.

Graf, F. and Eck, W. 2006. ‘Antinous’. Available at: http://referenceworks.brillonline.com.ezproxy.library.tufts.edu/entries/brill-s-new-pauly/antinous-e124400?s.num=656&s.start=640 (Last accessed on May 16th, 2017).

Hölscher, T. 1973. Griechische Historienbilder des 5. und 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Beiträge zur Archäologie 6. Würzburg: Triltsch.

Joeres, Y. 2015. ‘Hadrian’. Available at: http://referenceworks.brillonline.com.ezproxy.library.tufts.edu/entries/brill-s-new-pauly-supplements-ii-7/hadrian-COM_004635# (Last accessed on May 16th, 2017).

Jost, M. 1985. Sanctuaires et cultes d’Arcadie. Paris: J. Vrin.

Meyer, H. 1991. Antinoos : die archäologischen Denkmäler unter Einbeziehung des numismatischen und epigraphischen Materials sowie der literarischen Nachrichten : ein Beitrag zur Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte der hadrianisch-frühantoninischen Zeit. München: Fink.

Palagia, O. 1980. Euphranor. Monumenta Graeca & Romana 3. Leiden: Brill.

Pretzler, M. 2005. ‘Pausanias at Mantinea: Invention and Manipulation of Local History’, The Cambridge Classical Journal, 51, pp. 24–31. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1750270500000385.

Vasić, R. 1979. ‘Grylus and Epaminondas in Euphranor’s Cavalry Battle’, Ziva Antika / Antiquité vivante, 29, pp. 261–268.

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