Pausanias, Description of Greece, 1.29.15

τέθαπται δὲ καὶ Κόνων καὶ Τιμόθεος, δεύτεροι μετὰ Μιλτιάδην καὶ Κίμωνα οὗτοι πατὴρ καὶ παῖς ἔργα ἀποδειξάμενοι λαμπρά. κεῖται δὲ καὶ Ζήνων ἐνταῦθα ὁ Μνασέου καὶ Χρύσιππος ὁ Σολεύς, Νικίας τε ὁ Νικομήδους ζῷα ἄριστος γράψαι τῶν ἐφʼ αὑτοῦ, καὶ Ἁρμόδιος καὶ Ἀριστογείτων οἱ τὸν Πεισιστράτου παῖδα Ἵππαρχον ἀποκτείναντες, ῥήτορές τε Ἐφιάλτης, ὃς τὰ νόμιμα τὰ ἐν Ἀρείῳ πάγῳ μάλιστα ἐλυμήνατο, καὶ Λυκοῦργος ὁ Λυκόφρονος.

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Created by Valérie Toillon

Ici sont aussi enterrés Conon et Thimothéos, père et fils, la seconde paire de parents à accomplir des exploits illustres, Miltiade et Cimon étant les premiers. Aussi (sont enterrés ici) Zénon, le fils de Mnaséas, et Chrysippe de Soloi, NIkias le fils de Nicomédès, le meilleur peintre d'après nature de tous ses contemporains, Harmodios et Aristogéiton, qui tuèrent Hipparque, le fils de PIsitrate. Il y a aussi deux orateurs, Ephialtes, qui fut le principal résponsable de l'abolition des privilèges de l'Aéropage et Lycurgue, le fils de Lycophron.

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Commentary

  1. On the road to the Academia, in Athens, Pausanias saw, among others, the tomb of Nikias, the painter (see text 362). Nikias is said to have been "the best painter from life". The French translation (by A. Reinach) gives "le meilleur animalier" for "zôia aristos grapsai" (Reinach, 1921, p. 291). "Zôion" can either mean "living being" or "animal". In this case, "living being" makes more sense. Thus, in French, we prefer "le meilleur peintre d'après nature" which fits better to the other testimonies concerning Nikias. In fact, Nikias was famous for his rendering of shadowing and colors, and the portraits of women he made, maybe after life (see texts 370, 372, 374). However, Pliny mentions that Nikias was good at painting quadrupeds, especially dogs (see text 365). Those two testimonies are not in contradiction, since both express the skills of Nikias as a painter of living beings.

  2. Zeno and Chrysippus of Soloi were both stoic philosophers. Zeno (ca. 334-262 BCE) was the founder of the stoic school of philosophy. Chrysippus of Soloi (ca.280-206 BCE) was the second scholarch of the Stoa (Portico), after Cleanthes. He was considered the "second founder" of the Stoic school of philosophy and was a pupil of Zeno and Cleanthes (see texts 113 and 114).

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Tags

  • nikias

Bibliography

Reinach, A. 1921. Textes grecs et latins relatifs à l’histoire de la peinture ancienne. Paris: Klincksieck.

Annotation Authors and Editors
Created by Valérie Toillon